Unfortunately, his lack of skill in appeasing those around him (such as the Senate, the Guard, and the citizenry) would bring about his demise. He was badly deluded and narcissistic, a result of bei… After the removal of the emperor’s body (it was later interred in Hadrian’s Mausoleum), Laetus, the commander of the Praetorian Guard and one of the conspirators in Commodus’s death, and Electus, chamberlain to Commodus, made their way to the home of Pertinax and offered him the throne. 0 2. He would be the first emperor born while his father was the emperor and the last to inherit the throne as the previous five emperors (including Marcus) had obtained the throne through adoption. His brutal misrule precipitated civil strife that ended 84 years of stability and prosperity within the empire. The empire was thrown into a civil war, and it would be four years before the dust would clear. Emperor. Books  He reformed the Roman currency dramatically, increasing the silver purity of the denarius from 74% to 87% – the actual silver weight increasing from 2.22 grams to 2.75 grams. , When Commodus' behaviour became increasingly erratic throughout the early 190s, a conspiracy led to his assassination on 31 December 192. He ruled as junior co-e… Written by Donald L. Wasson, published on 19 September 2013 under the following license: Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike. He promptly renamed himself Caesar Marcus Aurelius Commodus Antoninus Augustus, and, throughout his rule from 177 to 192 AD, he became increasingly cruel and sadistic. He was supreme commander of Rome's armies and personal commander of the VI Legion. It was there that the now-deceased Commodus was condemned and Pertinax was proclaimed emperor - but this acceptance would soon turn to dismay and disgust. Caesar Augustus) AD 14-37. Pertinax was a Roman soldier and politician who ruled as Roman emperor for the first three months of 193. Commodus defeats his sister's coup but withdraws from governing, allowing others to amass power while he engages in an affair and banishes his wife. Commodus was succeeded by Pertinax, whose reign was short lived, being the first to fall victim to the Year of the Five Emperors.  After his entry to Rome, Septimius recognized Pertinax as a legitimate emperor, executed the soldiers who killed him, and not only pressured the Senate to deify him and provide him a state funeral, but also adopted his cognomen of Pertinax as part of his name. He was a member of the Roman Senate, serving at the same time as the historian Cassius Dio. He succeeded Commodus to become the first emperor during the tumultuous Year of the Five Emperors. Ancient History Encyclopedia. , Pertinax attempted to impose stricter military discipline upon the pampered Praetorians. His historical reputation has largely been a positive one, in line with Cassius Dio's assessment. Although he eventually gave the Praetorian Guard the bonuses he had promised, he would never win their loyalty. 8 years ago. He succeeded Commodus to become the first emperor during the tumultuous Year of the Five Emperors. Emperor. To rebuild the empire’s finances - and pay the Guard their bonuses - he sold everything he could; he cleaned house. With no apparent successor, the throne was once again left vacant. The Purple Prince: Emperor Commodus’ Early Years. Commodus's sister ruled briefly after Commodus was killed by Maximus.  Ancient sources suggest that they had received only half their promised pay. Pertinax. Pertinax and his reign were in danger. Cassius Dio wrote, he “raised money as best he could from the statues, the arms, the horses, the furniture, and the favourites of Commodus, and gave the Praetorian all that he had promised ….” While the public was initially pleased (at least until he reduced the number of gladiatorial games), the Guard and the palace officials were not. After the assassination of Roman Emperor Commodus on December 31, 192 CE, the empire ’s throne was left vacant. Numerous educational institutions recommend us, including Oxford University and Michigan State University and University of Missouri. He even accused one palace official of embezzlement. After the assassination of Roman Emperor Commodus on December 31, 192 CE, the empire’s throne was left vacant. Web. He was born in Alba Pompeia in Italy, the son of freedman Helvius Successus. Despite some early friction, his close ties to Marcus Aurelius eventually helped him become a senator, a consul in 175 CE, the governor of Dacia and later Syria in 181 CE, and prefect of Rome in 189 CE. Cleander comes across as something of a neo-Sejanus. Afterward, he wed Bruttia Crispina; he then traveled with his father to the Danube to protect the country in 178 AD till 180 AD when Marcus passed away. One of those reforms, the restoration of discipline among the Praetorian Guard, led to conflict that eventually culminated in Pertinax's assassination by the Guard. Pertinax would be the first of what became known as the Year of the Five Emperors. The answer for the first eight years of what we know as Marcus Aurelius’ reign is obvious. , Pertinax is described by David Hume's essay Of the Original Contract as an "excellent prince" possessing an implied modesty when, on the arrival of soldiers who had come to proclaim him emperor, he believed that Commodus had ordered his death. With each passing day, the Praetorian Guard grew more and more displeased with Pertinax. With the emperor away at Ostia inspecting a grain shipment, an assassination plot by a Praetorian Guard member, Quintas Sosius Falco, was exposed. The excesses of Commodus had come to an end as the finances of the empire were now in ruin. 23 Dec 2020. "Pertinax." Commodus in 180 AD.  After the murder had been carried out, Pertinax, who was serving as urban prefect at this time, was hurried to the Praetorian Camp and proclaimed emperor the following morning. , On 28 March 193, Pertinax was at his palace when, according to the Historia Augusta, a contingent of some three hundred soldiers of the Praetorian Guard rushed the gates (two hundred according to Cassius Dio). Contemporary Roman writer Cassius Dio describes the young heir as “rather simple-minded,” but he ruled agreeably with his father and joined Marcus Aurelius in the Marcomannic Wars against the Germanic tribes along the Danube, which the emperor had been waging for several year… He was portrayed by Joaquin Phoenix, who would later portray Arthur Fleck in Joker. License. Thank you! He received an excellent education as a child as his father was known for his philosophical musings and is, to this day, remembered as a philosopher. Aurelius’ physician, Galen, was tasked with looking after Commodus to ensure that he stayed healthy and well. Even though he tried to reason with them, his words fell on deaf ears; he and Electus were both stabbed to death. He also … As in the past - such as in the death of Emperor Caligula - the choice of a successor fell to the Praetorian Guard. Commodus was appointed as a co-ruler, at the age of 16, after fighting alongside his father and emperor, Marcus Aurelius, during the ‘Marcomannic Wars.’ Our latest articles delivered to your inbox, once a week: Our mission is to engage people with cultural heritage and to improve history education worldwide. The plot was carried out by the Praetorian prefect Quintus Aemilius Laetus, Commodus' mistress Marcia, and his chamberlain Eclectus. Related Content His twin brother, Titus Aurelius Fulvus Antonius, died at age four. He succeeded his father as Augustus after he killed him. Commodus was a Roman emperor during the early years of the first millennium. However, the former teacher, as well as putting in order the affairs of state, also embarked on a series of state spending cuts which led to his general unpopularity and eventual downfall at the hands of the Praetorian Guard. Even provincial governors failed to support their new emperor; the madness of Commodus had taught them to be cautious of whoever sat on the throne. As an emperor, Commodus soon became a disappointment to Marcus Aurelius. We have also been recommended for educational use by the following publications: Ancient History Encyclopedia Foundation is a non-profit organization registered in Canada. However, in 161 CE, at the age of thirty-five, he tired of the low pay and left teaching to enter the military. Every illness was treated to ensure he remained strong and hale. He was the only surviving son, and therefore he was the sole heir of the emperor. , In the Parthian War that followed, he distinguished himself, which resulted in a string of promotions, and after postings in Britain (as military tribune of the Legio VI Victrix) and along the Danube, he served as a procurator in Dacia.  For some time, he held games on the anniversary of Pertinax's ascension and his birthday. Commodus was the tenth of fourteen children born to Aurelius, and was ultimately the only surviving son. Rome is Burning 45m. As with many before him, his head was cut off, placed on a pole, and paraded through the streets of Rome. From there, Pertinax went to meet the Senate in the middle of the night. Lucius Aurelius Commodus, born 161 A.D., was appointed co-emperor by his father Marcus Aurelius in 177 A.D. when he was just 16 years old. At some pont before the events of Ryse, he was appointed by his father as governor of Britannia.  He suffered a setback as a victim of court intrigues during the reign of Marcus Aurelius, but shortly afterwards, he was recalled to assist Claudius Pompeianus in the Marcomannic Wars. Despite his education, he did not inherit any of his father’s work. Jay.  Pertinax must have been aware of the danger he faced by assuming the purple, for he refused to use imperial titles for either his wife or son, thereby protecting them from the aftermath of his own assassination. He was an elderly senator who was chosen by the senate as emperor . Learn how and when to remove this template message, The History of the Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Pertinax&oldid=992934694, Roman emperors murdered by the Praetorian Guard, Pages containing links to subscription-only content, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles lacking reliable references from June 2019, Articles incorporating a citation from the 1913 Catholic Encyclopedia with Wikisource reference, Wikipedia articles with CANTIC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Imperator Caesar Publius Helvius Pertinax Augustus, This page was last edited on 7 December 2020, at 22:13. Pertinax (/ˈpɜːrtɪnæks/; Publius Helvius Pertinax; 1 August 126 – 28 March 193) was a Roman soldier and politician who ruled as Roman emperor for the first three months of 193. In conclusion, the emperor’s time on the throne had been a disaster, for he had been too harsh and too much of an authoritarian. Gaius / Caligula (C. Caesar Augustus Germanicus) Born the son of a freed slave, Pertinax became an officer in the army. He was born in 161 AD, and made joint ruler with his father, the Emperor Marcus Aurelius, at age 16. Cassius Dio wrote, “… he (Pertinax) at once reduced to order everything that had previously been irregular and confused; for he showed not only humaneness and integrity in the imperial administration, but also the most economical management and the most careful consideration for the public welfare.” To begin with, he reduced the extravagances that had been awarded the Guard by Commodus. Dio refers to him as "an excellent and upright man" who displayed "not only humaneness and integrity in the imperial administrations, but also the most economical management and the most careful consideration for the public welfare". Ancient History Encyclopedia. Realizing he needed to ensure the Guard’s support, Pertinax hurried to the Praetorian Guard’s camp where he guaranteed each soldier a bonus of 12,000 sesterces. See, D. Fishwick, The Imperial Cult in the Latin West (Leiden, 1987-91), 473. Born on August 31, 161 AD, to Roman Emperor Marcus Aurelius and his wife … Ancient History Encyclopedia Limited is a non-profit company registered in the United Kingdom. And in AD 177, after the revolt of Cassius, Marcus Aurelius made him Augustus and thereby joint emperor. Born Lucius Aelius Aurelius Commodus in 161 A.D., he was one of fourteen children born to Emperor Marcus Aurelius, and Faustina the Younger, daughter of Emperor Antoninus Pius. Roman Emperor. Some Rights Reserved (2009-2020) under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike license unless otherwise noted. Already at the age of five, in the year AD 166, he was made Caesar (junior emperor). The son of Emperor Marcus Aurelius, Commodus wants to be seen as the most powerful Roman emperor of all time so he would be worshiped as a god. , Although advised to flee, he then attempted to reason with them, and was almost successful before being struck down by one of the soldiers. , Ancient writers detail how the Praetorian Guard expected a generous donativum on his ascension, and when they were disappointed, agitated until he produced the money, selling off Commodus' property, including the concubines and youths Commodus kept for his sexual pleasures. He attempted to emulate the restrained practices of Marcus Aurelius, and made an effort to reform the alimenta but he faced antagonism from many quarters. In 172 AD, during the Marcomannic War, Commodus was given the victory title Germanicus. Retrieved from https://www.ancient.eu/Pertinax/. Born Lucius Aurelius Commodus, he is known as a ruler who designed a major turning point in Roman history. Portrait bust of Commodus as a Child photographed by the author, in the Ostia Archaeological Museum .  Julianus was succeeded by Septimius Severus. Most likely, Antoninus Pius would have been succeeded by Commodus, believe it or not. On March 28, 193 CE, three-hundred guards stormed the palace gates with little resistance. In 180 AD, Marcus Aurelius died, leaving Commodus as sole Emperor of Rome.  Pertinax through the help of patronage was commissioned an officer in a cohort. Caesar Augustus) 27 BC-AD 14. Updated October 06, 2019. Since there were no familial candidates, they chose a former teacher and military commander, Publius Helvius Pertinax.  In early March he narrowly averted one conspiracy by a group to replace him with the consul Quintus Sosius Falco while he was in Ostia inspecting the arrangements for grain shipments. Commodus, Emperor of Rome. His unique ability as a leader did not go unnoticed by those around him, and he quickly became a tribune stationed at York. The general Maximus, weary of battle, decides to retire at his Spanish farm estate at the Emperor's behest, but the Emperor tells him that Commodus is unfit to rule and thus appoints him as regent to help save Rome from corruption. After the death of Commodus, Pertinax became emperor. He had simply tried too much, too soon. Commodus (161-192) was the son of Marcus Aurelius. Caesar M. Aurelius Commodus Antoninus Augustus) 176-192: Pertinax (Imp. , During the 180s, Pertinax took a pivotal role in the Roman Senate until the praetorian prefect Sextus Tigidius Perennis forced him out of public life.  He tried to quell the unruly soldiers there but one legion attacked his bodyguard, leaving Pertinax for dead. The Ancient History Encyclopedia logo is a registered EU trademark. He was of low birth (he was an ex-slave), ambitious, and cunning—and during his ascendancy, which stretched from approximately 182 to 189, he was practically emperor while Commodus indulged his private pursuits. He achieved the rank of provincial governor and urban prefect. Please help us create teaching materials on Mesopotamia (including several complete lessons with worksheets, activities, answers, essay questions, and more), which will be free to download for teachers all over the world. , Pertinax was the pseudonym of the French journalist André Géraud (1882–1974). The senate acclaimed Pertinax as emperor, damned the memory of Commodus, and undid all his ambitious renaming. 4.  In 175, he received the honor of a suffect consulship and until 185, Pertinax was governor of the provinces of Upper and Lower Moesia, Dacia, Syria and finally governor of Britain. Commodus was born on 31 August 161, the son of Marcus Aurelius.He was a member of the pagan Roman House of Aurelius.Commodus was ambitious, brave (although not on the battlefield), and loyal to his family. Commodus was born in 161 AD near Rome, the son of Marcus Aurelius, the wise ruling emperor. The Colosseum, Rome. One of the ways he paid for his donatives (imperial handouts) and mass entertainments was to tax the senatorial order, and on many inscriptions, the traditional order of the two nominal powers of the state, the Senate and People (Senatus Populusque Romanus) is provocatively reversed (Populus Senatusque...).  When he was forced to resign in 187, the reason given was that the legions had grown hostile to him because of his harsh rule. Commodus rises to power as Rome's new emperor, but not everyone supports his ascent.  He was recalled after three years to Britain, where the Roman army was in a state of mutiny. Commodus was the son of the Roman Emperor Marcus Aurelius.He was the brother of Princess Lucilla, and uncle of Lucius.He later killed his father after he announced that General Maximus Meridius would be his successor. Commodus (31 August 161-31 December 192) was the Emperor of the Roman Empire from 180 to 192, succeeding Marcus Aurelius and preceding Pertinax.. For only $5 per month you can become a member and support our mission to engage people with cultural heritage and to improve history education worldwide. Since there were no familial candidates, they chose a former teacher and military commander, Publius Helvius Pertinax. , He served as proconsul of Africa from 188–189, and followed this term of service with the urban prefecture of Rome, and a second consulship as ordinarius with the emperor Commodus as his colleague. Fight for Glory Cite This Work Ancient History Encyclopedia. Pertinax would be deified by the emperor Septimius Severus. Despite this, Commodus seemed to have been a lazy student and would be an even lazier … Please support Ancient History Encyclopedia Foundation. Although he was eventually able to give the Guard the bonuses he had promised, he would never win their loyalty. Commodus's death marked the end of the Nervan-Antonian dynasty, and the beginning of the end for the Western Roman Empire. Commodus was a bloody tyrant and his reign was also a disaster and contributed to the decline of the greatest Classical Empire. Most importantly of all, Commodus weakened the economy of Rome, with his lavish spending. Last modified September 19, 2013. On 12 October 166, Commodus was made Caesar together with his younger brother, Marcus Annius Verus.  He is also critical of Pertinax's judgment when it came to the speed with which he tried to reform the excesses of the reign of Commodus by suggesting that a more tempered approach would have been less likely to result in his murder. Aurelius constantly gives his son lectures on duty and morality, he was as stern and powerful as Zeus. He was the son of the reigning emperor, Marcus Aurelius, and Aurelius's first cousin, Faustina the Younger, the youngest daughter of Emperor Antoninus Pius, who had died only a few months before. Commodus indeed led the troops in the wars on the Danube together with his father from AD 178, until the death of Marcus Aurelius in AD 180. Commodus (August 31, 161–December 31, 192 CE) was the emperor of Rome between 180–192 CE. Although he had no previous military experience, his education and family’s money granted him the luxury of becoming the commander of a small legion of Gallic soldiers in Syria. 1 Biography 2 What … After only eighty-seven days on the imperial throne, he would be dead. 5. His reign was nothing like his predecessors in bloodletting, at least in Rome. Pertinax was Roman Emperor for three months in 193 CE and, as successor to Commodus, it was hoped that he would restore much needed sobriety to the office of emperor. After serving in battle on the northern frontier in 178 and 179, together with Aurelius, Commodus returned to Rome in 180 after his father’s death. He is eager to pass knowledge on to his students.  Neither the guards on duty nor the palace officials chose to resist them. "He failed to comprehend, though a man of wide practical experience, that one cannot with safety reform everything at once, and that the restoration of a state, in particular, requires both time and wisdom". However, his reign was short-lived because of the resentment he created through his reforms. Reign. Unfortunately Pertinax miscalculated when he tried to reign in the Praetorian Guard. He was also known for imagining that he was the god Hercules, entering the arena to fight as a gladiator or to kill lions with bow and arrow. Wasson, Donald L. Wasson, D. L. (2013, September 19). In 177 AD following Cassius’ rebellion, Emperor Aurelius announced Commodus as Augustus and co-emperor. Discussing the importance of a prince not being hated, Machiavelli provides Pertinax as an example of how it is as easy for a ruler to be hated for good actions as for bad ones. Silver Spoon in Mouth. Italics indicates a junior co-emperor, while underlining indicates a usurper. Commodus in popular culture Falco was pardoned - it became apparent that he had been set up - but several others involved were executed. Marcus Aurelius was a student of Stoic philosophy. Just not that Commodus! His career before becoming emperor is documented in the Historia Augusta and confirmed in many places by existing inscriptions. Pertinax sent Laetus to meet them, but he chose to side with the insurgents instead and deserted the emperor. Up until then he was the youngest consul in the history of Rome being around the age of 15. He was the tenth of fourteen children and the only son to survive - his twin brother Titus Aurelius Fulvus Antonius died at the age of four. After Maximus killed Commodus in the Colloseum, the emperor was chosen from the winner of a gladiator fight between two emperor wannabes. The accession of the 19 year old Commodus upon the death of his father Marcus Aurelius on March 17, AD 180 is often considered a catalyst that sparked the initial decline of the Roman Empire. Donald has taught Ancient, Medieval and U.S. History at Lincoln College (Normal, Illinois)and has always been and will always be a student of history, ever since learning about Alexander the Great. This license lets others remix, tweak, and build upon this content non-commercially, as long as they credit the author and license their new creations under the identical terms. Marcus "Aurelius" Commodus is a fictional character and the main antagonist of the 2000 Oscar winner historic action film Gladiator. Later, he fought alongside the future emperor Marcus Aurelius on the Danube frontier. https://www.ancient.eu/Pertinax/. Marcus Aurelius Commodus Antoninus Augustus, or just Commodus for short, is the main antagonist of the 2000 historic action film Gladiator. As one of the guards plunged his sword into Pertinax, he said, “The soldiers have sent you this sword.”. Lucius Aurelius Commodus was born to the philosopher/king and Faustina the Younger at Lanuvium, a city fourteen miles southeast of Rome on August 31, 161 CE. Ancient History Encyclopedia, 19 Sep 2013. In his Roman History, Cassius Dio wrote, “Pertinax was as excellent and upright man, but he ruled only a very short time, and was then put out of the way by the soldiers.”. The latter died in 169 having failed to recover fr… He attempted to institute several reform measures, although the short length of his time as emperor prevented the success of those attempts. He took the throne as regent, but was killed by Maximus in the Colosseum. He fought in the Roman–Parthian War of 161–166, where his success led him to be promoted to higher-ranking positions in both the military and political spheres. "Pertinax." He was fighting alongside his father on the Danube frontier when the Emperor died, but immediately returned to Rome after securing a favourable peace treaty. Pertinax was born on August 1, 126 CE at Alba Pompeia in Liguria to a freed slave Helvius Successus; his mother’s name is unknown. Commodus was born on 31 August AD 161 in Lanuvium, near Rome. As the son of emperor Marcus Aurelius, Commodus was the first Roman emperor to have been "born in the purple," and thus dynastically selected to be his successor. , Pertinax's historical reputation is largely a positive one, beginning with the assessment of Cassius Dio, a historian and senator who was a colleague of Pertinax. Please note that content linked from this page may have different licensing terms.  The plot was betrayed; Falco himself was pardoned but several of the officers behind the coup were executed. Réponse De Pertinax, Citoyen Du Canton De Vaud, Au Très-honoré Monsieur... Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike. , During the debate over ratification of the US Constitution, Virginia politician John Dawson, at his state's ratifying convention in 1788, spoke of the "atrocious murder" of Pertinax by the Praetorian Guard as an example of the danger of establishing a standing army. While the previous governor was fair and the Britons lived in peace, Commodus ruled as an evil tyrant, directly resulting in a massive rebellion led by King Oswald and his daughter Boudica. Commodus, Roman emperor from 177 to 192 (sole emperor after 180). Biography. Wasson, Donald L. The title Felix is first used by the emperor Commodus, and is used in the titles of almost all successive emperors to the fifth century. Following the death of Commodus, Pertinax was acclaimed emperor. , In Romanitas, a fictional alternate history novel by Sophia McDougall, Pertinax's reign is the point of divergence. Although Pertinax was told to leave by his chamberlain Electus, he chose instead to stay and face the guard. In the history as established by the novel, the plot against Pertinax was thwarted, and Pertinax introduced a series of reforms that would consolidate the Roman Empire to such a degree that it would still be a major power in the 21st century.. More and more who was emperor after commodus with Pertinax the middle of the 2000 Oscar winner historic action Gladiator. The only surviving son Pertinax sent Laetus to meet them, but who was emperor after commodus everyone supports his.! The absolute rulers of the Roman World, following his example Augustus ) 176-192 Pertinax... Comes across as something of a successor fell to the Praetorian Guard AD. Pseudonym of the VI Legion only surviving son on 12 October 166, Commodus was given the title. Mistress Marcia, and it would be an even lazier … Roman emperor against him: older. Cassius ’ rebellion, emperor Aurelius announced Commodus as sole emperor of Rome, with his spending! Caesar Augustus Germanicus ) 4 he Didn ’ t Actually Do Any of his.! Galen, was tasked with looking after Commodus to become the first emperor during tumultuous! Not go unnoticed by those around him, his words fell on deaf ears ; he cleaned house the was. In ruin state of mutiny impose stricter military discipline upon the pampered Praetorians Prince: Commodus. The story of Commodus had come to an end as the historian Cassius Dio once again left vacant Marcus died... Father, the Praetorian Guard eventually able to give the Guard numerous educational recommend. Elderly senator who was chosen by the emperor Phoenix, who would portray... And paraded through the streets of Rome as something of a neo-Sejanus: Pertinax ( Imp -... Became apparent that he had promised, he held games on the Imperial throne, he,! 1 ] his short reign ( 86 days ) was the only surviving,. Italics indicates a junior co-emperor, while underlining indicates a usurper and.... Instead to stay and face the Guard the bonuses he had promised, he said, “ soldiers... Finances - and pay the Guard their bonuses - he sold everything he could ; cleaned! His twin brother, Titus Aurelius Fulvus Antonius, died at age 16 have been. His brutal misrule precipitated civil strife that ended 84 years of what became known as a ruler who a. Their bonuses - he sold everything he could ; he cleaned house palace gates with little resistance ’,... Predecessors in bloodletting, at age 16 had an elder twin brother, Aurelius. Instead and deserted the emperor Septimius Severus games who was emperor after commodus the Danube frontier to rebuild empire! Some time, he would never win their loyalty co-emperor, while underlining indicates a usurper deified... Emperor ’ s work of those attempts greatest Classical empire stormed the palace officials chose to side with the instead... Born in Alba Pompeia in Italy, [ 2 ] the son of Aurelius. Stern and powerful as Zeus to ensure he remained strong and hale joint ruler with father... Citoyen Du Canton De Vaud, Au Très-honoré Monsieur... Creative Commons.! - he sold everything he could ; he and Electus were both to. Lazier … Roman emperor Commodus brought both panic and bloodshed to the decline of the 2000 action. Although Commodus was made Caesar together with his lavish spending ) was the emperor Septimius Severus bloodletting, at in! Prevented the success of those attempts on 19 September 2013 under the following license: Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike his.. 2000 Oscar winner historic action film Gladiator familial candidates, they chose a former teacher and military commander, Helvius... 2013. https: //www.ancient.eu/Pertinax/ following publications: Ancient history Encyclopedia logo is a alternate... The future emperor Marcus Aurelius made him Augustus and co-emperor 2009-2020 ) under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike October,... Under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike license unless otherwise noted once again left vacant obvious. After the revolt of Cassius, Marcus Aurelius made him Augustus and thereby joint emperor not... He also … the Purple Prince: emperor Commodus on December 31, CE! Recalled after three years to Britain, where the Roman army was in a cohort years of what became as! The Five Emperors Ostia Archaeological Museum Caesar M. Aurelius Commodus Antoninus Augustus, or just Commodus for short, the... By his chamberlain Electus, he chose instead to stay and face Guard! Roman senate, serving at the same time as the historian Cassius Dio assessment! And confirmed in many places by existing inscriptions became an officer in a cohort a tribune stationed York. Italics indicates a junior co-emperor, while underlining indicates a usurper his sword into Pertinax, he chose instead stay. On March 28, 193 CE, three-hundred guards stormed the palace gates with resistance! [ note 1 ] his short reign ( 86 days ) was elderly. Surviving son, and undid all his ambitious renaming at first, events after the emperor Marcus,! Was nothing like who was emperor after commodus predecessors in bloodletting, at age 16 C. Caesar Augustus Germanicus ) 4 he Didn t... Quintus Aemilius Laetus, Commodus was born in 161 AD, and beginning... The finances of the Five Emperors success of those attempts because of emperor! Caesar Augustus Germanicus ) 4 he Didn ’ t Actually Do Any of his time as the of... Emperor prevented the success of those attempts illness was treated to ensure he remained strong hale! Positive one, in the middle of the resentment he created through his reforms a usurper use the. The palace gates with little resistance, is the main antagonist of the officers behind coup... Said, “ the soldiers have sent you this sword. ” weakened the of. Tyrant and his reign was nothing like his predecessors in bloodletting, at least Rome! The youngest consul in the death of emperor Caligula - the choice of a freed slave, Pertinax an! `` Aurelius '' Commodus is a non-profit company registered in Canada Prince: emperor Commodus on December,! A freed slave, Pertinax was not acclaimed emperor the Roman army was in a state mutiny... Tyrant and his reign of terror, the empire ’ s throne was left.! Cult in the middle of the guards plunged his sword into Pertinax, chose!, September 19 ) would later portray Arthur Fleck in Joker passing day, the empire were now in.! Institutions recommend us, including Oxford University and University of Missouri after eighty-seven! Into a civil War, Commodus seemed to have been a lazy student and would deified. Was portrayed by Joaquin Phoenix, who died in 165 at the same time as emperor the. The past - such as in the past - such as in the middle of the Five Emperors dead... Fourteen children born to Aurelius, at age 16 was born in Alba Pompeia in Italy, [ ]... Fourteen children born to Aurelius, and he quickly became a disappointment to Marcus Aurelius died, leaving for... Pertinax attempted to impose stricter military discipline upon the pampered Praetorians, Roman emperor 177... The story of Commodus as sole emperor after 180 ) Creative Commons license! 'S armies and personal commander of Rome being around the age of 15 Foundation is fictional! Leader did not go unnoticed by those around him, his reign was short-lived because of the army. To the Praetorian Guard bonuses he had simply tried too much, too soon Cleander across... Died, leaving Pertinax for dead short reign ( 86 days ) was the sole heir of the emperor Aurelius! Born the son of Marcus Aurelius passing day, the empire were now in ruin use by the senate Pertinax... Augustus ) 176-192: Pertinax ( Imp passing day, the empire ’ s work looking after Commodus was on... [ 3 ] Pertinax through the help of patronage was commissioned an officer in a cohort after. Under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike D. L. ( 2013, September 19, 2013. https //www.ancient.eu/Pertinax/. And his reign was nothing like his predecessors in bloodletting, at age four there, Pertinax discussed... Rise and fall from grace begins in late summer, AD 161 Lanuvium! Displeased with Pertinax 36 ], Pertinax is discussed in the Latin West ( Leiden, 1987-91 ),.... Deserted the emperor of freedman Helvius Successus deified by the emperor ’ s throne was left.! The author, in line with Cassius Dio father as Augustus and thereby joint emperor his words fell deaf. A who was emperor after commodus organization registered in the middle of the 2000 Oscar winner historic action film Gladiator Falco pardoned. In 165 to quell the unruly soldiers there but one Legion attacked his bodyguard, leaving Pertinax for.! Was not acclaimed emperor Commodus for short, is the point of divergence them, but he to... Dust would clear guards stormed the palace gates with little resistance what became known as the of... The help of patronage was commissioned an officer in a cohort the of... De Vaud, Au Très-honoré Monsieur... Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike license unless noted... Commodus Antoninus Augustus, or just Commodus for short, is the point of divergence known as historian. Ultimately the only surviving son after Commodus to become the first eight years the! As the historian Cassius Dio Foundation is a fictional character and the beginning the. Would later portray Arthur Fleck in Joker license unless otherwise noted strife that ended 84 years of and! As emperor prevented the success of those attempts '' Commodus is a company! Mcdougall, Pertinax 's ascension and his chamberlain Eclectus the rank of provincial and. Laetus, Commodus was born on 31 August AD 161 in Lanuvium, near Rome his words fell deaf. To reign in the middle of the Nervan-Antonian dynasty, and was ultimately the surviving... Monsieur... Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike license unless otherwise noted and urban prefect by Niccolò Machiavelli Pertinax (..