Le château de Vaux le Vicomte est l'oeuvre de Nicolas Fouquet, surintendant des finances de Louis XIV. Craftsmen were jetted in from India and florists from Holland". [2], To secure the necessary grounds for the elaborate plans for Vaux-le-Vicomte's garden and castle, Fouquet purchased and demolished three villages. Somewhat surprisingly the interior plan is also nearly completely symmetrical with few differences between the eastern and western halves. [27], The Château de Vaux-le-Vicomte is the setting of Victoria Secret's first short film Victoria’s Secret Holiday 2016: A Very Private Affair. Built in the 11th century, the church underwent several alterations before being completely restored in the 19th century. [15], Another surprising feature of the plan is the thickness of the main body of the building (corps de logis), which consists of two rows of rooms running east and west. [12] "We don’t care about the aristocratic part of this life," said Alexandre de Vogüé, but they are determined to continue the preservation. [21] Past the canal, the garden ascends a large open lawn and ends with the Hercules column added in the 19th century. Download your Vaux-le-Vicomte Pocket Guide here The Château de Vaux-le-Vicomte is the perfect place to go for a day trip outside the city.. travels through the dynamic garden contrast with the static view of the garden from the château.[22]. Once the canal and grottos have been passed, the large sloping lawn is reached and the garden is viewed from the initial viewpoint's vanishing point, thus completing the circuit as intended by Le Nôtre. The château, finished in 1661, is considered to be one of the masterpieces of French Baroque residential architecture. The perspective effects are not readily apparent in photographs, either, making viewing the gardens in person the only way of truly experiencing them. [9] For some time, the family occupied the first floor, and then the refurbished stables, of this largest private chateau in France with its 1,235 acres of gardens. Le Vau supplements these with two additional receding volumes between the pavilions and the central mass. The use of a central oval salon is an innovation adopted by Le Vau from Italy. At the inauguration of Vaux-le-Vicomte, a Molière play was performed, along with a dinner event organized by François Vatel and an impressive firework show.[4]. The displaced villagers were then employed in the upkeep and maintenance of the gardens. The castle is located about fifty kilometers south of Paris, in the region of Ile-de-France. Because our website is currently very busy, you will be redirected to the waiting room. [3], The château and its patron became for a short time a focus for fine feasts, literature and arts. For those of you who don't care about French history, this is also where Eva Longoria married Tony Parker. Vaux-le-Vicomte’s garden is the seminal expression of the Jardin à la française, the French aesthetic of formal gardens that swept Europe in the 17th century. "[19], The garden front of the main chateau is considered more successful. Fouquet's artistic and cultivated personality subsequently brought out the best in the three. The centrepiece is a large reflecting pool flanked by grottos holding statues in their many niches. Vaux-le-Vicomte wurde 1704 von der Familie Fouquet an den französischen General und Helden des Spanischen Erbfolgekriegs Claude-Louis-Hector de Villars verkauft und in Vaux-Villars umbenannt. This lavish baroque château was built for Nicolas Fouquet, superintendent of finances of Louis XIV. Which is actually pretty funny, because most of you have probably … Traditionally, the middle of the corps de logis of French chateaux consisted of a single row of rooms. It is a beautiful synthesis of art, architecture, and landscaping that was created to provide a seamless sense of balance and harmony - and does so effortlessly to the casual observer. Vaux le Vicomte, the largest privately owned chateau in France, is classed as historical monument. Discover everything there is to know about one of France's best castles, Château Vaux-le-Vicomte. Vaux-le-Vicomte, château near Melun, France, designed in 1656 by Louis Le Vau for Nicolas Fouquet, who was finance minister to King Louis XIV. Oktober 1670 in Paris) war ein französischer Baumeister , der in Paris lebte und unter anderem für König Ludwig XIV. [2], Marshal Claude Louis Hector de Villars became the new owner without first seeing the chateau. The castle of Vaux-le-Vicomte. Introduction. Its elevations are perfectly symmetrical to either side of this axis. His descendants continue to preserve the château, which remains privately owned. He entrusted this task to the. The château rises on an elevated platform in the middle of the woods and marks the border between unequal spaces, each treated in a different way. veranlasste noch im selben Jahr, dass die drei prägenden Künstler von Vaux-le-Vicomte (Le Vau, Le Brun und Le Nôtre) das kleine Jagdschloss Versailles um- und ausbauten. The service buildings flanking the large avant-cour to the north of the house remained in brick and stone, and other structures preceding them were in rubble-stone and plaster, a social ranking of building materials that would be common in France for a considerable length of time thereafter. During the Christmas season, major decorations are installed: 150 trees, 10,000 items and 4,000 metres of garlands and lights, as well as a giant illuminated squirrel and angel, in 2018. After rising to power and elevating status as the King’s Royal Superintendent of Finances, Fouquet hired the best architects to design his residence. - See 4,429 traveller reviews, 3,286 candid photos, and great deals for Maincy, France, at Tripadvisor. France may have travel restrictions in place, including self-quarantine, due to COVID-19. [9], Approximately 300,000 visitors arrive each year, 75% of them from France. Their collaboration marked the beginning of the "Louis XIV style" combining architecture, interior design and landscape design. Vaux-le-Vicomte Chateau, Maincy, north-central France In the suburb of Melun, just 55km south of Paris is the imposing Baroque Vaux-le-Vicomte chateau. The provision of a suite of rooms for the king was normal practice in aristocratic houses of the time, since the king travelled frequently. Many critics, however, prefer the ingenuity of Vaux-le-Vicomte to the repetition of Versailles. Next, a circular pool, previously seen as ovular due to foreshortening, is passed and a canal that bisects the site is revealed, as well as a lower level path. The chateau buildings and grounds have been used in at least 13 productions,[23] a full 70, in fact, according to the owners. You want to make the o a tight little sound, like that of a disapproving old lady. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). [7] The château was empty, some of the outbuildings had fallen into ruin and the gardens were completely overgrown. This accounts for the lack of a grand staircase or a gallery, standard elements of most contemporary chateaux. In 1764, the Marshal's son sold the estate to the Duke of Praslin, whose descendants maintained the property for over a century. Discover two of the most beautiful and historically interesting Chateaux in the Paris region on this small group day trip. Now if that makes any difference for you, Chantilly and Fontainebleau are also interesting, pleasant towns whereas Vaux-le-Vicomte is in the middle of nowhere, so you really go just for the château. Such steep roofs were inherited from medieval times and, like brick, were rapidly going out of fashion. Even more unusual, the main rooms are all on the ground floor rather than the first floor (the traditional piano nobile). Madame Fouquet recovered her property 10 years later and retired there with her eldest son. Reasons To Visit Vaux le Vicomte Castle. The time allowed for placing orders has elapsed. Instead, it became an object of jealousy and precipitated Fouquet’s cruel and … You’ll visit the lovely Chateau and gardens of Vaux-le-Vicomte, where the “jardin à la francaise” was born and then explore the regal splendor of Fontainebleau where more than seven centuries of kings and emperors lived and created history. My experience at Vaux le Vicomte Castle While almost every visitor to France has heard of Versailles, Loire Valley, or even Fontainebleau, I feel like almost no one knows Vaux le Vicomte. In 1660, the King of France Louis XIV was invited by the country’s Minister of Finance, Nicolas Fouquet, to visit his newly built mansion, known as Chateau Vaux-le-Vicomte. Le Nôtre employed an optical illusion called anamorphosis abscondita (which might be roughly translated as 'hidden distortion') in his garden design in order to establish decelerated perspective. The exquisite interior decoration was supervised by the painter Charles Le Brun. He placed the canal at the lowest part of the complex, thus hiding it from the main perspectival point of view. The rooms in the eastern half of the house were intended for the use of the king, those in the western were for Fouquet. The salon is covered by a huge slate dome surmounted with an imposing lantern and is fronted with a two-storey portico that is almost identical to one at the Hôtel Tambonneau. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. A lotus was designed in the pond and petals of all colour and shape scattered over it. History of Vaux-le-Vicomte. You’ll visit the lovely Chateau and gardens of Vaux-le-Vicomte and also Chateau de Fontainebleau with more than Designed to impress the king, it exceeded its purpose. Vaux le Vicomte was the setting for one of the most impressive parties in the 17 th century in which 3000 guests were entertained. The Château de Vaux-le-Vicomte is a Baroque French château located in Maincy, near Melun, 55 kilometres southeast of Paris in the Seine-et-Marne department of Île-de-France. Ludwig XIV. Three sets of three arches, those on the entrance front, three more between the vestibule and the salon, and the three leading from the salon to the garden are all aligned and permitted the arriving visitor to see through to the central axis of the garden even before entering the chateau. The garden, designed by André Le Nôtre, was the prototype of the gardens that Le Nôtre later designed for Louis XIV at Versailles. Vaux-le-Vicomte is a magnificent chateau approximately 60 km south of Paris. Vaux-le-Vicomte was built by Louis XIV's Finance Minister, Fouquet. [16], The bridge over the moat on the north side leads from the avant-cour to an ample forecourt, flanked by raised terraces on either side, a layout evoking the cour d'honneur of older aristocratic houses in which the entrance court was enclosed by anterior wings, typically housing kitchens and domestic quarters. More recently it has featured as the Palace of Versailles for BBC/Canal+ production of the TV drama series Versailles. Chateau de Vaux-le-Vicomte: Interesting history and beautiful Chateau - See 4,431 traveller reviews, 3,295 candid photos, and great deals for Maincy, France, at Tripadvisor. That point, for Vaux-le-Vicomte, is at the top of the stairs at the rear of the château. Vanisha Mittal, daughter of British-Indian steel industrialist billionaire Lakshmi Mittal, held her wedding to Amit Bhatia, a British-Indian economist and businessman, at the château following their engagement ceremony at the Palace of Versailles. Le Vau would never use them again. The estate of Vaux-le-Vicomte is the fruit of a creative and passionate mind, that of Nicolas Fouquet. Corridors were essentially unknown feature that le Vau 's elevation violates several rules of pure classical.! Madame Fouquet recovered her property 10 years later and retired there with her eldest son [ ]. 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